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-   -   Opposites — Antónimos (http://forums.tomisimo.org/showthread.php?t=5117)

laepelba August 21, 2009 08:34 PM

Opposites — Antónimos
 
This is a basic, non-exhaustive list of opposites in English and Spanish.

 Spanish  English 
 derecha – izquierda  right – left 
 arriba – abajo  up – down 
 dentro – fuera  inside – outside 
 caliente – frío  hot – cold 
 grande – pequeño  big – small 
 blanco – negro  white – black 
 limpio – sucio  clean – dirty 
 feliz – triste  happy – sad 
 alto – bajo  tall – short 
 claro – oscuro  light – dark 
 fuerte – débil  strong – weak 
 rápido – lento  fast – slow 
 bonito – feo  pretty – ugly 
 guapo – feo  handsome – ugly 
 simpático – antipático  kind – unkind 
 simple – complicado  simple – complicated 
 fácil – difícil  easy – hard 
 hábil – torpe  skillful/skilful – clumsy 
 amable – grosero  polite – rude 
 nuevo – usado  new – used 
 joven – viejo  young – old 
 recto – curvo  straight – curved 
 interesante – aburrido  interesting – boring 
 abierto – cerrado  open – close 
 femenino – masculino  feminine – masculine 
 seco – mojado  dry – wet 
 suave – áspero  soft – rough 
 sano – enfermo  healthy – sick 
 cuerdo – loco  sane – crazy 
 cerca – lejos  near – far 
 ganador – perdedor  winner – loser 
 luz – oscuridad  light – darkness 
 bien – mal  good – bad 
 norte – sur  North – South 
 este/oriente – oeste/poniente  East – West 
 risa – llanto  laughter – crying 
 entrada – salida  entrance – exit 
 salud – enfermedad  health – sickness 
 amigo – enemigo  friend – enemy 
 amor – odio  love – hate 
 noche – día  night – day 
 optimismo – pesimismo  optimism – pessimism 
 perder – encontrar  to lose – to find 
 abrir – cerrar  to open – to close 
 amar – odiar  to love – to hate 
 vivir – morir  to live – to die 
 encender – apagar  to light – to put out 
 dulce - amargo  sweet – bitter 
 dulce - agrio  sweet – sour 
 aquí/acá - ahí/allí/allá  here – there 
 cielo/paraíso - infierno  heaven – hell 


bobjenkins March 17, 2010 12:37 PM

 e  i 
 noche o día  day or night 
 norte o sur  north or south 
 este u oeste  east or west 
 amor u odio  love or hate 
 optimismo o pesimismo  optimism or pessimism 
 bien o mal  good or bad 
 amigo o enemigo  friend or enemy 

:)

hermit March 25, 2010 01:27 PM

Bueno o malo

Simpático o feo

chileno March 25, 2010 02:26 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by hermit (Post 77640)
Bueno o malo

Simpático o feo:bad:

Símpatico - Antipático

Bonito - Feo

:)

hermit April 07, 2010 12:59 PM

feo - guapo

guapo - contento

chileno April 07, 2010 01:03 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by hermit (Post 78741)
feo - guapo

guapo - contento

hmmm guapo = bravucón, aunque en algunas parte lo usan como enojado.

Bravo = fiero

irmamar April 08, 2010 09:09 AM

I'd say triste - contento.

Why opuestos instead of antónimos, which would be the correct word? I think that in English antonym is also the correct word. :thinking:

chileno April 08, 2010 09:37 AM

Quote:

Originally Posted by irmamar (Post 78850)
I'd say triste - contento.

Why opuestos instead of antónimos, which would be the correct word? I think that in English antonym is also the correct word. :thinking:

Yes, but at least here in the US they call it "opposites"

laepelba April 08, 2010 12:29 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by irmamar (Post 78850)
I'd say triste - contento.

Why opuestos instead of antónimos, which would be the correct word? I think that in English antonym is also the correct word. :thinking:

Quote:

Originally Posted by chileno (Post 78853)
Yes, but at least here in the US they call it "opposites"

Well, I think that there is a slight difference. I think that "antonyms" are specifically words with opposite meanings. I think that "opposites" are opposing ideas.

It may be a semantic difference, but I really am asking for "opposites" as they are taught to children. (Seriously!) Like on Sesame Street. :)


Black & white. Happy & sad. Up & down. Right & left. Good & bad. Etc.

These are pairings that come naturally to children learning to talk because they are so often used together. But to adult learners of a second language, they aren't always taught together, so they're not coming so naturally to me.

hermit April 09, 2010 12:59 PM

Re: Guapo - In the Caribbean ( Rep. Dom.) when I first learned Spanish,
the meanings I remember were good-looking and/or angry.

Ejemplos:

Ella es muy guapa. She's really nice-looking.

Él está guapo conmigo. He's mad at me.


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