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Search: Posts Made By: Rusty
Forum: Grammar January 21, 2022, 11:56 PM
Replies: 1
Views: 55
Posted By Rusty
There's a difference between 'deber estar' and...

There's a difference between 'deber estar' and 'deber de estar'. And we're talking about whether the preposition 'de' follows 'deber' or not. ;)

Simplistic answer:
The first indicates obligation,...
Forum: Grammar January 13, 2022, 06:14 PM
Replies: 2
Views: 152
Posted By Rusty
The neuter pronoun refers to a concept, idea,...

The neuter pronoun refers to a concept, idea, something already talked about. It doesn't refer to a specific noun.
In your sentences, the demonstrative pronoun appears before the concept (found in...
Forum: Grammar January 13, 2022, 03:06 PM
Replies: 1
Views: 69
Posted By Rusty
The reflexive verb re?rse must always be...

The reflexive verb re?rse must always be accompanied by the reflexive pronoun. The verb re?rse doesn't mean the same thing as re?r.

On the other hand, an indirect object pronoun doesn't need to...
Forum: Grammar January 11, 2022, 01:56 PM
Replies: 1
Views: 77
Posted By Rusty
It makes better sense if it's written, "He's a...

It makes better sense if it's written, "He's a good husband, if lazy."

if lazy = although (he's) lazy; albeit lazy
Forum: Grammar January 10, 2022, 12:23 PM
Replies: 4
Views: 115
Posted By Rusty
Both are important and both are used, but it is...

Both are important and both are used, but it is true that Spain makes use of the perfect more often than the simple.
That shouldn't be too much of a surprise, since British English and American...
Forum: Grammar January 05, 2022, 11:37 AM
Replies: 1
Views: 116
Posted By Rusty
When that translation into English works (conveys...

When that translation into English works (conveys the correct meaning), yes.

Depending on how the locuci├│n verbal is being used, there may be other English translations.
Forum: Grammar December 31, 2021, 01:48 AM
Replies: 1
Views: 144
Posted By Rusty
The neuter article 'lo' is used to change an...

The neuter article 'lo' is used to change an adjective into an abstract (idea). The adjective being turned into an abstract idea is 'alto', which is further modified with the adverb...
Forum: Grammar December 30, 2021, 06:12 PM
Replies: 4
Views: 168
Posted By Rusty
Be (thou) served. Be your grace served. (May we...

Be (thou) served.
Be your grace served. (May we all serve thee.)
Forum: Grammar December 30, 2021, 10:37 AM
Replies: 4
Views: 168
Posted By Rusty
'Vuestra merced' refers to a person, even though...

'Vuestra merced' refers to a person, even though it is often translated as 'your grace', 'your honor', 'your mercy', etc. A translation that might fit better, time-period-wise, is 'my lord'. I am...
Forum: Grammar December 28, 2021, 01:31 PM
Replies: 2
Views: 145
Posted By Rusty
It had dawned. This compound tense, called the...

It had dawned.
This compound tense, called the pret├ęrito pluscuamperfecto (the pluperfect, in English), uses a conjugated form of the auxiliary verb haber followed by a (past) participle. It is...
Forum: Grammar December 25, 2021, 07:20 AM
Replies: 1
Views: 145
Posted By Rusty
Your assumption that the speaker's opinion is...

Your assumption that the speaker's opinion is that the penguins are not actually wearing funny hats is correct.

Whether the subjunctive is used or not depends on the speaker's perception. If the...
Forum: Grammar December 21, 2021, 11:11 PM
Replies: 2
Views: 204
Posted By Rusty
Sometimes you'll see a 'make angry' translation,...

Sometimes you'll see a 'make angry' translation, but it should get closer to '(to) anger' or '(to) annoy'. When written 'hacer enojar a', it means '(to) antagonize' or '(to) irritate'.

What you're...
Forum: Grammar December 21, 2021, 05:11 AM
Replies: 5
Views: 664
Posted By Rusty
Yes! Make sure the verb prior to the...

Yes!
Make sure the verb prior to the preposition al also gets changed to first person.
Forum: Vocabulary December 20, 2021, 01:29 PM
Replies: 10
Views: 910
Posted By Rusty
My background is programming. I understand what...

My background is programming. I understand what you're talking about, now that it's been revealed.
Typing green letters onto a black screen was WAY COOL compared to the stuff we had before that,...
Forum: Vocabulary December 20, 2021, 09:13 AM
Replies: 10
Views: 910
Posted By Rusty
We presented examples, not knowing that the real...

We presented examples, not knowing that the real question was about a space constraint and having to remove letters from words, or some words from the sentence, in order to meet that constraint....
Forum: Vocabulary December 19, 2021, 07:54 PM
Replies: 10
Views: 910
Posted By Rusty
I'm just now understanding that you were asking...

I'm just now understanding that you were asking about shrinking down the size of a word, by abbreviation or by eliminating (leaving out, discarding, dropping, weeding out, condensing, contracting,...
Forum: Vocabulary December 18, 2021, 10:10 AM
Replies: 10
Views: 910
Posted By Rusty
Along with 'hollow out', we 'scoop out', 'carve...

Along with 'hollow out', we 'scoop out', 'carve out', 'scrape out',
'core (out)', 'rout', 'ream', 'bore', and 'gut'.
Forum: Grammar December 16, 2021, 09:44 AM
Replies: 1
Views: 133
Posted By Rusty
It was the god of the Aztecs that gave the mother...

It was the god of the Aztecs that gave the mother 'that' daughter. 'That' daughter is the direct object. She is who was given by the god of the Aztecs to the mother.

The indirect object pronoun te...
Forum: Grammar December 15, 2021, 06:47 AM
Replies: 3
Views: 157
Posted By Rusty
It is OK without the 'to'. You can include it...

It is OK without the 'to'.
You can include it if you want, but it makes no difference in the meaning.

I prefer the inclusion of the conjunction 'that' (the one found in you're last proposal), but...
Forum: Grammar December 14, 2021, 07:58 AM
Replies: 3
Views: 157
Posted By Rusty
Both proposals are correct.

Both proposals are correct.
Forum: Grammar December 14, 2021, 07:56 AM
Replies: 1
Views: 136
Posted By Rusty
The difference is timing. The first means you're...

The difference is timing. The first means you're about to leave; the second means you've left.
Forum: Grammar December 10, 2021, 11:16 PM
Replies: 2
Views: 180
Posted By Rusty
The subordinating conjunction 'cuando' isn't the...

The subordinating conjunction 'cuando' isn't the trigger that calls for the usage of the subjunctive mood. Rather, it's based on two things.
1) If the main clause contains a command, the subordinate...
Forum: Translations December 09, 2021, 01:47 PM
Replies: 5
Views: 545
Posted By Rusty
There's no reason to use the future tense in this...

There's no reason to use the future tense in this case, especially to mean what you wrote.
Forum: Translations December 08, 2021, 03:27 PM
Replies: 5
Views: 545
Posted By Rusty
You almost got it right. No debemos habernos...

You almost got it right.

No debemos habernos dado cuenta de que ...
-or-
No nos debemos haber dado cuenta de que ...
Forum: Grammar December 07, 2021, 12:34 PM
Replies: 1
Su
Views: 206
Posted By Rusty
This pronoun could be used in ambiguous fashion...

This pronoun could be used in ambiguous fashion if not careful, but here it is supposed that the antecedent is both of the people established in the previous sentence (su padre y su abuela). Context...
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