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Old July 20, 2017, 09:46 AM
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Rusty Rusty is offline
SeƱor Speedy
Join Date: Aug 2007
Location: USA
Posts: 11,048
Native Language: American English
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The pronoun 'se' is used a lot of different ways. Your sentences demonstrate a couple of them.

In the first sentence, 'se llega' means 'one arrives'. This usage is known as "impersonal 'se'." When no particular person is being addressed, use 'se'.

In the second sentence, 'se rinde' is the conjugated form of 'rendirse', which is known as a pronominal verb.
It means 'gives up' or 'surrenders'.

In the third sentence, 'se' is used pronominally. 'Acercarse', the unconjugated form, means 'to get close', so 'se le acerca' means 'gets close to him'.

There are several uses of 'se'. You can search online or here in the forums for:
object pronoun substitution (when next to another third-person object pronoun)
passive 'se'
accidental (no fault) 'se'
reflexive 'se'
reciprocal 'se'
pronominal 'se'
impersonal 'se'
process 'se' (examples are 'casarse', 'rendirse' or 'despertarse')

And there are some pronominal verbs that take on a meaning that differs from the meaning of the plain infinitive (without the pronominal object), like 'irse' (to leave, go away) or 'pasarse' (to spend time [doing something]).
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