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Spanish Estar vs ser / Pred vs imp & subjunctive

 

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  #1  
Old January 20, 2009, 04:28 PM
BlueOcean BlueOcean is offline
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Spanish Estar vs ser / Pred vs imp & subjunctive

Hoy martes estoy en el aeropuerto y tengo que pasar la aduana. El aduana me dice que ___(1)___(PONER) la maleta encima del mostrador. También quiere que le ___(2)___(DECIR) hacia donde me dirijo. Me impaciento y le pido que ___(3)___(HACER) los trámites cuanto antes para que mi vuelo no ___(4)___(SALIR) sin mí. Él me contesta que no cree que ___(5)___(VALER) la pena ponerme así. Todavía no han empezado a embarcar. A lo mejor no lo ___(6)___(SABER) él, pero no hay nada que ___(7)___(PODER) yo hacer ahora. Tendré que esperar mientras él ___(8)___(VERIFICAR) los documentos.

I believe it is.
1. Ponga
2. Dija.
3. Haga.
4. Salga.
5. Vala.
6. Sabe
7. puede
8. Verifica

Correct?

----------------------------------------------------------
Yo ___(1)___ bien procupada esta mañana porque mi hija ___(2)___ muy pálida. Espero que no ___(3)___ nada seria.
1 Choices (era, estaba, fue, estuvo) estaba.
2 Choices (era, estaba, fue, estuvo) estuvo.
3 Choices (era, estaba, fue, estuvo) sea.

Mi hijo menor me frustra tanto.____(1)____ un muchacho listo pero perezoso. Nunca ____(2)____ listo cuando tenemos que irnos.
1 Choices (es, esta, sea, este) es.
2 Choices (es, esta, sea, este) esta.

____(1)____ muy aburrido porque este libro____(2)____tan aburrido.
1 Choices (estoy, soy, sea, este) estoy.
2 Choices (estoy, soy, sea, este) es.

Saca tu pasaporte. Acaso ellos lo ________ (IR) a pedir. Ya me lo pidieron a mí.
- vayan

¿El impreso? Tal vez yo lo ___(1)____ (TENER), pero lo dudo. Quizás mi esposa lo ____(2)____ (TENER). Creo que se lo di y ella siempre guarda bien los documentos.
1 tengo
2 tenga


Ahora no sé qué debo hacer, pero a lo mejor el aduana me ________(ENSEÑAR) los trámites.
- ensene

How I do?

Thank you in advance
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  #2  
Old January 20, 2009, 04:39 PM
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Don't count on me. I might've corrected these wrong

1. Ponga pongo
2. Dija.
3. Haga. hago
4. Salga.
5. Vala.
6. Sabe
7. puede puedo
8. Verifica

may I ask you this: should these all be in the yo form? if yes then I think they should all end in -o. I don't know

I'm gonna skip some because I don't know how to correct you confusing

¿El impreso? Tal vez yo lo ___(1)____ (TENER), pero lo dudo. Quizás mi esposa lo ____(2)____ (TENER). Creo que se lo di y ella siempre guarda bien los documentos.
1 tengo
2 tenga I don't think it's tenga. it's tengo. I've never heard of tenga. the gender of this doesn't change. there's no gender.
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  #3  
Old January 20, 2009, 05:15 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by BlueOcean View Post
1. Ponga
2. Dija. (use subjunctive mood, present tense, 1st person)
3. Haga.
4. Salga.
5. Vala. (use subjunctive mood, present tense, 3rd person)
6. Sabe (use subjunctive mood, present tense, 3rd person)
7. puede (use subjunctive mood, present tense, 1st person)
8. Verifica (use subjunctive mood, present tense, 3rd person)

Yo ___(1)___ bien procupada esta mañana porque mi hija ___(2)___ muy pálida. Espero que no ___(3)___ nada seria.
1 Choices (era, estaba, fue, estuvo) estaba.
2 Choices (era, estaba, fue, estuvo) estuvo.
3 Choices (era, estaba, fue, estuvo) sea.

Mi hijo menor me frustra tanto.____(1)____ un muchacho listo pero perezoso. Nunca ____(2)____ listo cuando tenemos que irnos.
1 Choices (es, esta, sea, este) es.
2 Choices (es, esta, sea, este) esta.

____(1)____ muy aburrido porque este libro____(2)____tan aburrido.
1 Choices (estoy, soy, sea, este) estoy.
2 Choices (estoy, soy, sea, este) es.

Saca tu pasaporte. Acaso ellos lo ________ (IR) a pedir. Ya me lo pidieron a mí.
- vayan

¿El impreso? Tal vez yo lo ___(1)____ (TENER), pero lo dudo. Quizás mi esposa lo ____(2)____ (TENER). Creo que se lo di y ella siempre guarda bien los documentos.
1 tengo (could be tenga, depends on the perception of the speaker)
2 tenga

Ahora no sé qué debo hacer, pero a lo mejor el aduana me ________(ENSEÑAR) los trámites.
- enseñe
See above.

Last edited by Rusty; January 20, 2009 at 08:49 PM.
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  #4  
Old January 20, 2009, 05:47 PM
BlueOcean BlueOcean is offline
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wow thank you all very much for helping me out
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  #5  
Old January 20, 2009, 06:18 PM
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*sigh* see what I mean
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  #6  
Old January 20, 2009, 06:42 PM
BlueOcean BlueOcean is offline
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on the 1st one is #8 really subjuctive?
Yo ___(1)___ bien procupada esta mañana porque mi hija ___(2)___ muy pálida. Espero que no ___(3)___ nada seria.
1 Choices (era, estaba, fue, estuvo) estaba.
2 Choices (era, estaba, fue, estuvo) estuvo.
3 Choices (era, estaba, fue, estuvo) sea.

also is 1 Estuvo and 2 is estaba?
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  #7  
Old January 20, 2009, 09:02 PM
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Number 8 should be cast in the subjunctive because there is some doubt how long (or if) the documents will be verified.

It's OK to say estaba for #1. It's also OK to use estuve, but that wasn't a choice. I wanted to point out that either is correct. Which tense you'll use depends on whether the speaker is still worried. For #2, we're not talking about a characteristic of the daughter (in which case era would be used). However, we could be talking about a condition that had an end (estuvo), or one that hasn't ended yet (estaba). The choice is yours, but you may have to defend your answer.
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  #8  
Old January 20, 2009, 10:08 PM
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Hoy martes estoy en el aeropuerto y tengo que pasar la aduana. El aduana me dice que PONGA la maleta encima del mostrador. También quiere que le DIGA hacia donde me dirijo. Me impaciento y le pido que HAGA los trámites cuanto antes para que mi vuelo no SALGA sin mí. Él me contesta que no cree que VALGA la pena ponerme así. Todavía no han empezado a embarcar. A lo mejor no lo SABE él, pero no hay nada que PUEDA yo hacer POR ahora. Tendré que esperar mientras él VERIFICA los documentos.

I corrected your text of the best way, I could to do now.
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  #9  
Old January 21, 2009, 12:34 AM
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Crotalito is correct about number 6. The subjunctive is not used with a lo mejor. Sorry about that! It's interesting that, even though a lo mejor can be translated idiomatically as perhaps, it is not treated the same way as quizás and tal vez, which do take the subjunctive.

Crotalito and I disagree on number 8. You can choose either one, really. It depends on the speaker's perception. If the perception is that the documents will be verified, use the indicative. I opted for the opposite because I've been in that situation before. The speaker was impatient and the subjunctive mood 'takes over' (at least it did when I was reading your narrative).
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  #10  
Old January 21, 2009, 10:18 AM
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I didn't understand you, How is the correction number 8.
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