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Acentuation - Stress

 

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  #1  
Old April 17, 2020, 07:42 AM
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Acentuation - Stress

A very concise and lucid explanation of where to apply written accents:-

Stress
Stress falls on the last syllable of a word, e.g. comer,
unless the word ends in a vowel, n or s, in which case
the stress falls on the next-to-last syllable, e.g. andaba, comes.
All exceptions to this rule have an accent (´) on the
vowel to be stressed: lápiz, condición, magnífico.

I have literally copied and printed it out and pasted it into many of my text books and dictionaries. I find it most useful, I hope it will be equally helpful to some of you too.

STAY WELL!
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  #2  
Old April 24, 2020, 10:59 PM
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Thanks for sharing this. I also try to boil down information to a clear, concise statement to make it easier to understand and remember. For a really long time now, I have explained it in an almost identical fashion:

Quote:
Spoken stress/emphasis is normally on the last syllable, or is on the second-to-last syllable for words that end in a vowel, "n", or "s". Any words whose spoken stress/emphasis does not follow this need an accent mark over the vowel in the stressed syllable.
Note that with this, you *do* have to know how the word is properly pronounced. For example, "carácter" and "caracteres" might throw some people for a loop.

If you talk to native speakers, there is a whole intricate explanation involving palabras agudas, graves, llanas, esdrújulas, y sobreesdrújulas, etc. It's quite interesting, but for me it's harder to grasp.
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Old June 03, 2020, 06:44 AM
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Re-reading that slightly baffled me, surely there is no ambiguity there; it's "Carácteres" i.e. the same isn't it?
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Old June 05, 2020, 12:39 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Sancho Panther View Post
Re-reading that slightly baffled me, surely there is no ambiguity there; it's "Carácteres" i.e. the same isn't it?
Singluar: "carácter" spoken stress on the second "a".
Plural: "caracteres", spoken stress on the first "e".

Since the plural ends in "s" and the spoken stress is on the second to the last syllable, there's no accent mark.
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Old June 05, 2020, 01:30 PM
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Although the stressed syllable is different in the plural, very few seem to know why. It's simply because this is an exception to the rule. There are only a handful of these.

English has all kinds of exceptions to the rules, so I wouldn't cry foul just yet.
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accent mark, aguda, esdrújula, grammar, grave, llana, sobreesdrújula, stress

 

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