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Este esta esto?

 

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  #1  
Old December 01, 2010, 02:49 PM
ez123 ez123 is offline
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Este esta esto?

it's been a while but, what do these mean and how are they used, este esta y esto y tambien eso y esa? gracias, mucho!
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  #2  
Old December 01, 2010, 03:43 PM
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Two words, singular in form, with three genders (masculine, feminine, neuter).

este, esta, esto = this (referring to a singular object)
ese, esa, eso = that (referring to a singular object)

The plural forms are:
estos, estas, estos = these (plural object)
esos, esas, esos = those (plural object)
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  #3  
Old December 03, 2010, 04:43 AM
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Sorry, but "esto" and "eso" haven't plural form, since they are neutral forms (without gender and number).
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Old December 03, 2010, 05:31 PM
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Oh! Thanks for correcting me.
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  #5  
Old December 03, 2010, 06:05 PM
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Now I know the difference between "esta" and "está". Thank you all.
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All corrections are appreciated.
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  #6  
Old December 03, 2010, 06:24 PM
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The original poster wrote:

este, esta, esto = this (referring to a singular object)
ese, esa, eso = that (referring to a singular object)

The plural forms are:
estos, estas, estos = these (plural object)
esos, esas, esos = those (plural object)

How would we correct this, by deleting the plural forms (2nd paragraph)?

How would I say 'She is nice' and 'They are nice'? Would I just use the ser conjugations (es and son)?

Sorry....didn't mean to start a new subject with that question.
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  #7  
Old December 03, 2010, 07:18 PM
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The new topic has nothing to do with the determiners, but yes, you would use 'es' and 'son' in those sentences.

As irmamar pointed out, there is no plural form of esto or eso. So, the plurals for este, esta, ese and esa are still valid. (Just the second occurrence of estos and esos is invalid).

este cuaderno
estos cuadernos
esta casa
estas casas

ese cuaderno
esos cuadernos
esa casa
esas casas
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  #8  
Old December 03, 2010, 07:34 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by irmamar View Post
Sorry, but "esto" and "eso" haven't plural form, since they are neutral forms (without gender and number).
O sea que decir "esos palomos o estos palomos" estaría mal y hay que decir "eso palomos o esto palomos", correcto?

Realmente no sé que comida he estado comiendo estos 30 últimos años, pero necesito ponerme a la par. (Creo)
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  #9  
Old December 03, 2010, 09:42 PM
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If there is no plural form for esto or eso, how come they look plural in your list?

estos cuadernos

esos cuadernos
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  #10  
Old December 03, 2010, 09:44 PM
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Those are the plural forms of este and ese, respectively.
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