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Prepositions.

 

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  #1  
Old June 30, 2008, 06:28 PM
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Prepositions.

I would appreciate it if you guys can throw more light on the use of these words as prepositions in Spanish grammar:
cabe,
hacia,
so,
para,
por,
según...
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  #2  
Old June 30, 2008, 09:23 PM
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cabe: (antiquated) beside, alongside
hacia: to (direction), toward, towards;
at about, at around (hacia las cinco - at around 5 o'clock)
... abajo: down, downward, downwards
... arriba: up, upward, upwards
... adelante: forward, forwards
... atrás: backward, backwards
so: below, under, underneath
según: according to, depending on, by the way/por el modo en que

para and por have many uses. Let me gather some information.

Last edited by Rusty; June 30, 2008 at 09:38 PM.
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Old July 01, 2008, 06:39 AM
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por/para es una zancadilla para nosotros (los inglésparlantes ).
Pero aquí es una regla que uso:
. Para indica un destino. (Vamos para el aeropuerto/Let's go to the airport)
. Por indica modo (Para llegar al aeropuerto hay que pasar por el parque/to get to the airport you need to go through the park)
. porque (why/for what reason )
. Para que (for what particular reason/means/ so that)

-----
Atención hispanoparlantes. Quisiera saber si lo lo siguiente es correcto.
Para mi (for me)
por mi (as far as I'm concerned)
Dose para que take the subjunctive?
Gracias
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Last edited by poli; July 01, 2008 at 07:09 AM.
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Old July 01, 2008, 07:10 AM
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I´ve been looking too, and this is what I found :

Por looks back to the roots, origins or causes of a thing, while para looks forward to the result, aim, goal or destination.
POR is used to express:
Cause, reason, motive (usually to say why something has happened)
Lo hizo por rabia. (He did it out of anger.)
The period in which the action takes place:
Salieron por la noche. (They went out at night.)
The place where the action takes place:
Pasan por la calle. (They go along the street). Lo cogieron por los pies. (They took hold of him by his feet.)
The means:
Lo llamaron por teléfono. (They contacted him by telephone.)
Substitution, equivalence:
¿Podrías hacerlo por mi?. (Could you do it for me?) Por tres mill pesetas podíamos comer bastente bien. (For three thousand pesetas we could eat quite well.)
With verbs of movement (ir y venir...)
Voy por pan. (I´m going for [some] bread.)
Expresses an action still to be performed:
La cocina está por limpiar. (The kitchen still needs to be cleaned.)
Expresses an action on the point of being performed:
Estaba por salir de casa. (He was on his way out of the house.)
With the verbs tener/dar to express opinion:
Le dieron por desaparecido. (They gave him up for lost.)
PARA is used to express:
Finality, destiny( often in sentences in the future):
Es para mi hija. (It´s for my daughter.)
Salimos para Suiza al finales de julio. (We´re leaving for Swiss at the end of July.)
Direction of movement, i.e `towards´:
Vienen para aqui. (They´re coming this way.)
Comparison:
Para lo que sirve puedes tirarlo a la basura. (For what it´s worth, throw it away.)
Convenience:
No es buena para la salud. (It´s not good for your health.)
Imminence: with estar + para + infinitive:
El jefe está para llegar. (The boss will be arriving soon.)

The examples are open to corrections....
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Last edited by Jane; July 01, 2008 at 08:28 AM. Reason: Intrigue!
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Old July 01, 2008, 07:17 AM
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Thanks Jane. I will study the list you prepared.
Now I have a question. I know these sentences have very different meaning.
Lo compré por ti.Does this mean, because of you I bought it?
Lo compré para ti.I know this means, I bought this (as a gift) for you.

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Old July 01, 2008, 07:34 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by poli View Post
Thanks Jane. I will study the list you prepared.
Now I have a question. I know these sentences have very different meaning.
Lo compré por ti.Does this mean, because of you I bought it?
Lo compré para ti.I know this means, I bought this (as a gift) for you.
Lo compré por ti.
I bought it on your behalf (I did it for you because you weren't able to, or because you asked me to do it).

por mi (by me)
por mi parte (as for me)
de mi parte (as far as I'm concerned)
Does para que take the subjunctive? Yes, always.
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Old July 01, 2008, 07:38 AM
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Look here for a good description of when to use por and para.
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Old July 01, 2008, 08:41 AM
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Thanks a lot, Rusty. I will print this for reference.
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Old July 01, 2008, 09:41 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Rusty View Post
Look here for a good description of when to use por and para.
Good one Rusty.
Thanks.
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Old July 01, 2008, 11:42 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by poli View Post
Atención hispanoparlantes. Quisiera saber si lo siguiente es correcto.
Para mi (for me)
por mi (as far as I'm concerned)
Does para que take the subjunctive? Yes, if you are not meaning ¿Para qué...?


Gracias Your wellcome
  • ¿Qué tengo que hacer para que vuelvas a mi lado?
Sin embargo:
  • ¿Para qué vuelves a prenguntármelo?
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