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Opposites — Antónimos

This is a basic, non-exhaustive list of opposites in English and Spanish.

 Spanish  English 
 derecha – izquierda  right – left 
 arriba – abajo  up – down 
 dentro – fuera  inside – outside 
 caliente – frío  hot – cold 
 grande – pequeño  big – small 
 blanco – negro  white – black 
 limpio – sucio  clean – dirty 
 feliz – triste  happy – sad 
 alto – bajo  tall – short 
 claro – oscuro  light – dark 
 fuerte – débil  strong – weak 
 rápido – lento  fast – slow 
 bonito – feo  pretty – ugly 
 guapo – feo  handsome – ugly 
 simpático – antipático  kind – unkind 
 simple – complicado  simple – complicated 
 fácil – difícil  easy – hard 
 hábil – torpe  skillful/skilful – clumsy 
 amable – grosero  polite – rude 
 nuevo – usado  new – used 
 joven – viejo  young – old 
 recto – curvo  straight – curved 
 interesante – aburrido  interesting – boring 
 abierto – cerrado  open – close 
 femenino – masculino  feminine – masculine 
 seco – mojado  dry – wet 
 suave – áspero  soft – rough 
 sano – enfermo  healthy – sick 
 cuerdo – loco  sane – crazy 
 cerca – lejos  near – far 
 ganador – perdedor  winner – loser 
 luz – oscuridad  light – darkness 
 bien – mal  good – bad 
 norte – sur  North – South 
 este/oriente – oeste/poniente  East – West 
 risa – llanto  laughter – crying 
 entrada – salida  entrance – exit 
 salud – enfermedad  health – sickness 
 amigo – enemigo  friend – enemy 
 amor – odio  love – hate 
 noche – día  night – day 
 optimismo – pesimismo  optimism – pessimism 
 perder – encontrar  to lose – to find 
 abrir – cerrar  to open – to close 
 amar – odiar  to love – to hate 
 vivir – morir  to live – to die 
 encender – apagar  to light – to put out 
 dulce - amargo  sweet – bitter 
 dulce - agrio  sweet – sour 
 aquí/acá - ahí/allí/allá  here – there 
 cielo/paraíso - infierno  heaven – hell 


Last edited by Rusty; October 16, 2010 at 07:59 PM.
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  #41  
Old September 25, 2010, 02:48 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by irmamar View Post
This link may be useful.

Why nobody said "salado"?
I did, but in English.

I thought these weren't antonyms.
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  #42  
Old September 25, 2010, 05:39 PM
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If I'm not mistaken, not all opposites are antonyms but all antonyms are opposites. This particular combination may not be an antonym, so if I'm wrong about that I apologize.

One thing of note I should mention. While the opposite of "sweet" always turns up "sour" in my mind, the opposite of "bitter" is certainly "sweet". So while I wouldn't think "bitter" is the best word to list as the opposite, it matches the description. I asked a few other people those questions and got the same answers ("What is the opposite of sweet? Sour. What is the opposite of bitter? Sweet."), for whatever it's worth.
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  #43  
Old September 26, 2010, 08:21 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Tarential View Post
If I'm not mistaken, not all opposites are antonyms but all antonyms are opposites.
'Antonym' can have a more restricted definition than 'opposite', but outside the realm of lexical semantics, they are usually treated as being identical.

The problem is that a lot of words do not have an exact opposite. If sweet is a taste sensation, it does not necessarily have an opposite sensation such as hot versus cold.
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  #44  
Old September 28, 2010, 02:24 PM
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Not all opposites are complementaries (ie hot vs cold, good vs bad). That is only one type of opposite. For example, a "parent" vs a "child" are not complementaries, but they are a type of opposite. So even if it's not as straightforward as "tall" vs "short", the word "sweet" still does have an opposite. It might, in fact, have multiple opposites as I pointed out in a previous post (example: "stationary" vs "moving" "speeding" "flying" or a number of other words).

To add to what I said before, antonyms are gradable opposites; I'm still not 100% certain whether sweet to sour is gradable (I'm sure there are ways to measure how sweet or sour something is, I just don't know them), which is why I said I'm not sure if it was an antonym or not. It is, however, an opposite, and either way my statement regarding antonyms stands: All antonyms are opposites, but not all opposites are antonyms.
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  #45  
Old September 28, 2010, 03:55 PM
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I think the opposite of sour is bitter.
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  #46  
Old September 28, 2010, 07:16 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Tarential View Post
If I'm not mistaken, not all opposites are antonyms but all antonyms are opposites. This particular combination may not be an antonym, so if I'm wrong about that I apologize.

One thing of note I should mention. While the opposite of "sweet" always turns up "sour" in my mind, the opposite of "bitter" is certainly "sweet". So while I wouldn't think "bitter" is the best word to list as the opposite, it matches the description. I asked a few other people those questions and got the same answers ("What is the opposite of sweet? Sour. What is the opposite of bitter? Sweet."), for whatever it's worth.
If we think of antonyms as true opposites (that is they must be on the opposite ends of a stick or pole, so to speak and not one lying somewhere in between the two ends). On the taste gradient, sweet will lie on one end of the pole and bitter will lie on the opposite end; and sour will lie somewhere between these two(sweet/bitter) why? Because, sweet is a very pleasant taste and I don't know that there are other tastes that would surpass this attribute. Bitter is very unpleasant and all other tastes (salty/sour etc.) will be found in this imaginary gradient but not at the extreme end. I think of antonyms as always lying on opposite extremes.

The figurative use of sweet/bitter as opposites is also logical. For example, one may say: Oh how sweet it would be to be reunited with my loved one/ones; and also: I fought bitterly with my spouse ( we don't say I fought sourly); Although sour is sometimes used to describe a relationship that had gone bad. It does not describe it in an extreme way. The word "Bitter" had been used to describe extreme divorce procedures between husbands and wives. This is just my opinion and I'm open to be persuaded otherwise.
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Last edited by vita32; September 28, 2010 at 07:19 PM. Reason: to correct spelling error.
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  #47  
Old October 16, 2010, 04:58 PM
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I totally understand the (ongoing) debate about "opposites" vs. "antonyms". But when I originally proposed this thread, I was only going for the kinds of things that are taught to school children ... at least taught to school children in the US ... up/down, black/white, crazy/sane, left/right, east/west, etc.....
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  #48  
Old August 09, 2012, 08:37 PM
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Just two small corrections: no space before a comma and if you change the place of the accent mark, the word will have to be pronounced differently.

Quote:
Originally Posted by carolgreen186 View Post
yeah, Símpatico Simpático - Antipático
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  #49  
Old August 10, 2012, 01:33 AM
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Apático - Dinámico
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