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Old May 07, 2017, 10:39 AM
brock brock is offline
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The word 'do'

I've read that there is no Spanish translation for the word 'do'. It can be represented with an inverted question mark. Is it true?
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Old May 07, 2017, 11:58 AM
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Rusty Rusty is offline
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The verb 'to do' does exist, but the auxiliary 'do' does not exist (and I just used the auxiliary twice).
In English grammar, the negation of a verb uses a form of the auxiliary 'do'. We also use it when we ask questions and when we affirm, or make emphasis.

I know. (no emphasis)
I do know. (emphasis, or affirmation)
I don't know. (negation)

Lo sé. (no emphasis)
(Yo) sí lo sé. (emphasis, or affirmation)
No lo sé. (negation)


You know the answer. ((affirmed) statement)
You don't know the answer. (negated statement)
Do you know the answer? (question)
Don't you know the answer? ((negated) question)

Sabes la respuesta. ((affirmed) statement)
No sabes la respuesta. (negated statement)
¿Sabes la respuesta? (question)
¿No sabes la respuesta? ((negated) question)
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Old May 07, 2017, 10:08 PM
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AngelicaDeAlquezar AngelicaDeAlquezar is online now
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I agree with Rusty. I would just like to underline that all questions must start with an inverted question mark (¿), and all exclamations must start with an inverted exclamation mark (¡). Question and exclamation marks always go in pairs.
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