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Opposites — Antónimos

This is a basic, non-exhaustive list of opposites in English and Spanish.

 Spanish  English 
 derecha – izquierda  right – left 
 arriba – abajo  up – down 
 dentro – fuera  inside – outside 
 caliente – frío  hot – cold 
 grande – pequeño  big – small 
 blanco – negro  white – black 
 limpio – sucio  clean – dirty 
 feliz – triste  happy – sad 
 alto – bajo  tall – short 
 claro – oscuro  light – dark 
 fuerte – débil  strong – weak 
 rápido – lento  fast – slow 
 bonito – feo  pretty – ugly 
 guapo – feo  handsome – ugly 
 simpático – antipático  kind – unkind 
 simple – complicado  simple – complicated 
 fácil – difícil  easy – hard 
 hábil – torpe  skillful/skilful – clumsy 
 amable – grosero  polite – rude 
 nuevo – usado  new – used 
 joven – viejo  young – old 
 recto – curvo  straight – curved 
 interesante – aburrido  interesting – boring 
 abierto – cerrado  open – close 
 femenino – masculino  feminine – masculine 
 seco – mojado  dry – wet 
 suave – áspero  soft – rough 
 sano – enfermo  healthy – sick 
 cuerdo – loco  sane – crazy 
 cerca – lejos  near – far 
 ganador – perdedor  winner – loser 
 luz – oscuridad  light – darkness 
 bien – mal  good – bad 
 norte – sur  North – South 
 este/oriente – oeste/poniente  East – West 
 risa – llanto  laughter – crying 
 entrada – salida  entrance – exit 
 salud – enfermedad  health – sickness 
 amigo – enemigo  friend – enemy 
 amor – odio  love – hate 
 noche – día  night – day 
 optimismo – pesimismo  optimism – pessimism 
 perder – encontrar  to lose – to find 
 abrir – cerrar  to open – to close 
 amar – odiar  to love – to hate 
 vivir – morir  to live – to die 
 encender – apagar  to light – to put out 
 dulce - amargo  sweet – bitter 
 dulce - agrio  sweet – sour 
 aquí/acá - ahí/allí/allá  here – there 
 cielo/paraíso - infierno  heaven – hell 


Last edited by Rusty; October 16, 2010 at 06:59 PM.
If you notice any errors or missing vocabulary, or you have a suggestion for this vocabulary topic page, please comment below.
   
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  #11  
Old April 09, 2010, 01:35 PM
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chileno chileno is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by hermit View Post
Re: Guapo - In the Caribbean ( Rep. Dom.) when I first learned Spanish,
the meanings I remember were good-looking and/or angry.

Ejemplos:

Ella es muy guapa. She's really nice-looking.

Él está guapo conmigo. He's mad at me.
Correcto.

Generalmente, por lo menos en Chile se usa como good-looks, bravucón/pendenciero y osado/valiente.
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  #12  
Old April 09, 2010, 03:36 PM
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Bueno y la selección de palabras chileñas suena bien...
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  #13  
Old April 10, 2010, 08:33 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by hermit View Post
Bueno y la selección de palabras chilenas suena bien...
:-)

Thanks, I try.
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  #14  
Old April 11, 2010, 12:38 PM
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Más opuestos

Ganadores - Perdedores
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  #15  
Old April 11, 2010, 05:36 PM
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As Irma said, in Spanish they're called "antónimos". A Spanish speaker wouldn't be comfortable with "opuestos", I think.
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  #16  
Old April 11, 2010, 06:23 PM
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Are children taught words in pairs like this, call it whichever you will...??
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  #17  
Old April 11, 2010, 06:49 PM
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AngelicaDeAlquezar AngelicaDeAlquezar is offline
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Sure, they learn synonyms and antonyms in first years of school... and in Plaza Sésamo (Sesame Street) ...but it's nothing "specially special".

I'll add to the list as soon as I have some time to check the English translations.
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  #18  
Old April 11, 2010, 06:51 PM
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I have more trouble understanding "Plaza Sésamo" than I do the Spanish "Noticias"..... Well, call them whichever is the most acceptable word in Spanish, I want to learn these things like children would. Thanks, Malila!!
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  #19  
Old April 11, 2010, 06:58 PM
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What I meant is that they do learn them, because they learn word classifications (sinónimos, antónimos, homófonos, etc.), but that's not something that keeps any special dedication in school programs.
AND: they are not "whichevers", but "antónimos".
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  #20  
Old April 13, 2010, 07:53 PM
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I've added some pairs to the list. Please note, however, that there can be nuances in meanings and intensity for each word.
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