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Las Matemáticas — Mathematics

RestaNF - Subtraction


 Spanish  English 
 restaNF, sustracciónNF  subtraction 
 restar  to subtract, to minus 
 restar 5 de 10  subtract 5 from 10 
 minuendoNM  minuend 
 sustraendoNM  subtrahend 
 diferenciaNF  difference 
 Cuatro menos tres es igual a uno.  Four minus three equals one. 

SumaNF - Addition


 Spanish  English 
 sumar  to add, to sum 
 Dos más tres es igual a cinco.  Two plus three equals five. 

DivisiónNF - Division


 Spanish  English 
 dividir  to divide 
 Diez entre dos es igual a cinco.  Two into ten equals five. 
 Diez dividido por dos es igual a cinco.  Ten divided by two equals five. 

MultiplicaciónNF - Multiplication


 Spanish  English 
 multiplicar  to multiply 
 5 por 5 son 25  5 times 5 makes 25 
 Tres por dos es igual a seis.  Three times two equals six. 
 Tres multiplicado por dos es igual a seis.  Three multiplied by two equals six. 

CamposNMP - Fields


 Spanish  English 
 álgebraNM  algebra 
 cálculoNM  calculus 
 aritméticaNF  arithmetic 
 geometríaNF  geometry 
 análisisNM  analysis 
 topologíaNF  topology 
 probabilidadNF  probability 
 estadísticaNF  statistics 
 matemática discretaNF  discrete mathematics 
 teoría de númerosNF  number theory 
 aritméticaNF  arithmetic 
 combinatoriaNF  combinatorics 
 ecuaciones diferencialesNFP  differential equations 
 lógicaNF  logic 

TiposNMP de númeroNM - Types of number


 Spanish  English 
 número realNM  real number 
 enteroNM  integer 
 ceroNM  zero 
 negativo  negative 
 positivo  positive 
 racional  rational 
 irracional  irrational 
 fracción  fraction 

General


 Spanish  English 
 igualdadNF  equality 
 descomposiciónNF en factoresNMP  factoring 
 factorNM  factor 
 ecuaciónNF  equation 
 variableNF  variable 
 coordenadaNF  coordinate 
 verificaciónNF  proof 
 raíz cúbicaNF  cubed root 
 raíz cuadradaNF  square root 
 piNM  pi 
 exponenteNM  exponent 
 signo radicalNM  radical sign 
 a la quinta potencia  to the fifth power 
 potenciaNF  power 
 incógnitaNF  unknown 
 sistemaNM de coordenadasNFP Cartesianas  Cartesian coordinate system 
 ejeNM de las x  x axis 
 ejeNM de las abscisas  x axis 
 ejeNM de las y  y axis 
 ejeNM de las ordenadas  y axis 
 senoNM  sine 
 cosenoNM  cosine 
 tangenteNF  tangent 
 divisiónNF  ratio 
 hipotenusaNF  hypotenuse 
 cateto adyacenteNM  adjacent leg, adjacent side 
 cateto opuestoNM  opposite leg, opposite side 
 ángulo rectoNM  90 degree angle, right angle 
 triángulo rectánguloNM  right triangle, right angle triangle 
 triángulo equiláteroNM  equilateral triangle 
 triángulo isóscelesNM  isosceles triangle 
 triángulo escalenoNM  scalene triangle 
 teoremaNM  theorem 
 polígonoNM  polygon 
 pendienteNF  slope, gradient 
 triánguloNM  triangle 
 ánguloNM  angle 
 gradoNM  degree 
 unidadesNFP  units, ones 
 décimasNFP  tens 
 centésimasNFP  hundreds 
 milésimasNFP  thousands 
 integral  integral 
 derivada  derivative 
 logaritmoNM  logarithm, log 
 logaritmoNM neperiano  napierian logarithm, natural logarithm, natural log 
 límiteNM  limit 
 límite tiende a infinito  limit tends to infinity 


Last edited by AngelicaDeAlquezar; March 04, 2011 at 07:29 PM. Reason: Added new words
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  #21  
Old November 03, 2009, 02:37 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by laepelba View Post
In English, we can say "x squared" OR "x to the second power" and "x cubed" OR "x to the third power". Both are equally acceptable, and I teach both.

With the roots, I would only ever say "square root", but could easily exchange "third root" for "cube root".

English is a strange language..........
Yes, I've made a search and you can say "x a la segunda o a la tercera". That's correct, but it's more common "al cuadrado y al cubo" (it's been a long time I don't study maths)
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  #22  
Old November 03, 2009, 02:41 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by irmamar View Post
(it's been a long time I don't study maths)
it's been long time since I studied maths.
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  #23  
Old November 03, 2009, 02:45 AM
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Originally Posted by Perikles View Post
it's been long time since I studied maths.
I can say, in Spanish:

Hace mucho tiempo que no estudio matemáticas
Ha pasado mucho tiempo desde que estudiaba matemáticas.

But thanks again
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  #24  
Old November 03, 2009, 02:55 AM
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I have not studied maths for a long time
It has been a long time since I studied maths
A long time has passed since ...

no se puede utilizar since con negativa
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  #25  
Old November 03, 2009, 02:57 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Perikles View Post
I have not studied maths for a long time
It has been a long time since I studied maths
A long time has passed since ...

no se puede utilizar since con negativa
OK, I didn't know. Thanks
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  #26  
Old November 03, 2009, 03:07 AM
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OK, I didn't know. Thanks
Aqui las normas en Inlgés son complicadas.

Help!! pjt33????
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  #27  
Old November 03, 2009, 05:00 AM
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I haven't studied maths since secondary school.
I haven't studied maths since I was at secondary school.
Since he failed to get that job he's been moping about the house.
Since he didn't get that job he's been moping about the house. Feels fairly informal to me. I'd avoid this construction myself because "since" has the alternative meaning of "because" and here I have a sense that I'm trying to understand it in that sense, failing, and falling back on the sense of "in the period of time from then to now".

Entonces no sé cuál es la regla que Perikles invoca, pero tampoco sé por qué lo ha mencionado, puesto que (¡since!) la frase de Irma no contenía la palabra "since".


Hace mucho tiempo que + verbo perfecto = Verbo perfecto + for a long time.
E.g. Hace mucho tiempo que soy profesor = I've been a teacher for a long time.
Hace mucho tiempo que no estudio las mates = I haven't studied maths for a long time.
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  #28  
Old November 03, 2009, 05:26 AM
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In the U.S., we always use math instead of maths.
It's been a long time since I studied math.
I hate math.
Who is your math teacher?
When do you have math?
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  #29  
Old November 03, 2009, 05:40 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by irmamar View Post
it's been a long time I don't study maths
Quote:
Originally Posted by Perikles View Post
it's been long time since I studied maths.
Quote:
Originally Posted by pjt33 View Post
Entonces no sé cuál es la regla que Perikles invoca, pero tampoco sé por qué lo ha mencionado, puesto que (¡since!) la frase de Irma no contenía la palabra "since"..
That's why I asked for help, I don't know the formal rule here. I just wanted to say that you can't say it's been a long time since + (a negative), such as it's been a long time since I don't study maths
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  #30  
Old November 03, 2009, 06:45 AM
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Saying "Ever since he didn't get that job..." avoids confusion
re: since/because.

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