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Opposites — Antónimos

This is a basic, non-exhaustive list of opposites in English and Spanish.

 Spanish  English 
 derecha – izquierda  right – left 
 arriba – abajo  up – down 
 dentro – fuera  inside – outside 
 caliente – frío  hot – cold 
 grande – pequeño  big – small 
 blanco – negro  white – black 
 limpio – sucio  clean – dirty 
 feliz – triste  happy – sad 
 alto – bajo  tall – short 
 claro – oscuro  light – dark 
 fuerte – débil  strong – weak 
 rápido – lento  fast – slow 
 bonito – feo  pretty – ugly 
 guapo – feo  handsome – ugly 
 simpático – antipático  kind – unkind 
 simple – complicado  simple – complicated 
 fácil – difícil  easy – hard 
 hábil – torpe  skillful/skilful – clumsy 
 amable – grosero  polite – rude 
 nuevo – usado  new – used 
 joven – viejo  young – old 
 recto – curvo  straight – curved 
 interesante – aburrido  interesting – boring 
 abierto – cerrado  open – close 
 femenino – masculino  feminine – masculine 
 seco – mojado  dry – wet 
 suave – áspero  soft – rough 
 sano – enfermo  healthy – sick 
 cuerdo – loco  sane – crazy 
 cerca – lejos  near – far 
 ganador – perdedor  winner – loser 
 luz – oscuridad  light – darkness 
 bien – mal  good – bad 
 norte – sur  North – South 
 este/oriente – oeste/poniente  East – West 
 risa – llanto  laughter – crying 
 entrada – salida  entrance – exit 
 salud – enfermedad  health – sickness 
 amigo – enemigo  friend – enemy 
 amor – odio  love – hate 
 noche – día  night – day 
 optimismo – pesimismo  optimism – pessimism 
 perder – encontrar  to lose – to find 
 abrir – cerrar  to open – to close 
 amar – odiar  to love – to hate 
 vivir – morir  to live – to die 
 encender – apagar  to light – to put out 
 dulce - amargo  sweet – bitter 
 dulce - agrio  sweet – sour 
 aquí/acá - ahí/allí/allá  here – there 
 cielo/paraíso - infierno  heaven – hell 


Last edited by Rusty; October 16, 2010 at 07:59 PM.
If you notice any errors or missing vocabulary, or you have a suggestion for this vocabulary topic page, please comment below.
   
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  #31  
Old September 04, 2010, 08:22 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Rusty View Post
Thanks for these.

The opposite of aquí could be ahí, allí, or allá. (hay = there is/there are)

blanca - negra (this has already been entered (we use the masculine form when listing adjectives that have both a masculine and a feminine form))
De nada y gracias por clarificaciones.
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  #32  
Old September 23, 2010, 08:07 PM
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I noticed that the english translation of "amargo" on the list of antonyms is "sour". I thought that amargo = bitter in English.
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  #33  
Old September 23, 2010, 08:49 PM
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Thank you, Vita. It's been corrected.
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  #34  
Old September 24, 2010, 02:28 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by AngelicaDeAlquezar View Post
Thank you, Vita. It's been corrected.
Yes, but if this a list of opposites, I'm not sure it is correct, because the 'opposite' of sweet is always sour = agrio, ácido.

Also, simpático – antipático kind – unkind
is surely nice - unpleasant, which is not quite the same thing.
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  #35  
Old September 24, 2010, 02:28 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by AngelicaDeAlquezar View Post
Thank you, Vita. It's been corrected.
You're welcome.
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  #36  
Old September 24, 2010, 10:03 AM
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@Perikles: That's the reason why I hate making this kind of lists.

"Antipático" is for me an unkind behaviour of people, and I learnt "ácido"/"salado" y "dulce"/"amargo", but if everyone agrees on the changes you propose, the list will be edited and corrected.
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  #37  
Old September 24, 2010, 10:37 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by AngelicaDeAlquezar View Post
@Perikles: That's the reason why I hate making this kind of lists.

"Antipático" is for me an unkind behaviour of people, and I learnt "ácido"/"salado" y "dulce"/"amargo", but if everyone agrees on the changes you propose, the list will be edited and corrected.
I really don't mind one way or the other, but I think if you asked 100 people what the opposite of 'sweet' is, 99 would say 'sour'. (The other one would say ¿qué? ). And for me, being unpleasant is not the same as being unkind, but it's really not worth discussing the difference for a list.

Perhaps you should remove the request for comments below the list.

Oh God - I've just asked my wife what the opposite of 'sweet' is, and she went into a 5-minute trance and said 'sweet' has no opposite. Either 'sour' or 'bitter' But she did agree that most would say 'sour'.
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  #38  
Old September 24, 2010, 11:00 AM
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To me "Agrio" does not have an opposite, per se.

Food turns sour when it decays. Or it is a phase of the decaying process.

Sweet<> Not sweet

Salty <> Not salty.

Etc.
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  #39  
Old September 25, 2010, 01:31 PM
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The opposite of sweet is sour. Yes, one can refer to things "souring" as they go bad, but that is not the main usage of the word.

In a technical way, there may be no opposite of "sweet". I'm not a chemist nor a biologist, so I have no way of determining if something that tastes sour is causing an "opposite" reaction in the human body. I can tell you for certain though, in the minds of the majority (the *vast* majority) of native English speakers the taste of "sour" is opposite to "sweet". One might make the same observation of one's disposition; "He's a very sweet man" or "He's a very sour man" are used as opposites. We eat sweet and sour sauce, sweet and sour candies.

I hope this helps confirm that the most commonly referred to antonym of "sweet" is "sour".
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  #40  
Old September 25, 2010, 02:43 PM
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This link may be useful.

Why nobody said "salado"?
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