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Las Matemáticas — Mathematics

RestaNF - Subtraction


 Spanish  English 
 restaNF, sustracciónNF  subtraction 
 restar  to subtract, to minus 
 restar 5 de 10  subtract 5 from 10 
 minuendoNM  minuend 
 sustraendoNM  subtrahend 
 diferenciaNF  difference 
 Cuatro menos tres es igual a uno.  Four minus three equals one. 

SumaNF - Addition


 Spanish  English 
 sumar  to add, to sum 
 Dos más tres es igual a cinco.  Two plus three equals five. 

DivisiónNF - Division


 Spanish  English 
 dividir  to divide 
 Diez entre dos es igual a cinco.  Two into ten equals five. 
 Diez dividido por dos es igual a cinco.  Ten divided by two equals five. 

MultiplicaciónNF - Multiplication


 Spanish  English 
 multiplicar  to multiply 
 5 por 5 son 25  5 times 5 makes 25 
 Tres por dos es igual a seis.  Three times two equals six. 
 Tres multiplicado por dos es igual a seis.  Three multiplied by two equals six. 

CamposNMP - Fields


 Spanish  English 
 álgebraNM  algebra 
 cálculoNM  calculus 
 aritméticaNF  arithmetic 
 geometríaNF  geometry 
 análisisNM  analysis 
 topologíaNF  topology 
 probabilidadNF  probability 
 estadísticaNF  statistics 
 matemática discretaNF  discrete mathematics 
 teoría de númerosNF  number theory 
 aritméticaNF  arithmetic 
 combinatoriaNF  combinatorics 
 ecuaciones diferencialesNFP  differential equations 
 lógicaNF  logic 

TiposNMP de númeroNM - Types of number


 Spanish  English 
 número realNM  real number 
 enteroNM  integer 
 ceroNM  zero 
 negativo  negative 
 positivo  positive 
 racional  rational 
 irracional  irrational 
 fracción  fraction 

General


 Spanish  English 
 igualdadNF  equality 
 descomposiciónNF en factoresNMP  factoring 
 factorNM  factor 
 ecuaciónNF  equation 
 variableNF  variable 
 coordenadaNF  coordinate 
 verificaciónNF  proof 
 raíz cúbicaNF  cubed root 
 raíz cuadradaNF  square root 
 piNM  pi 
 exponenteNM  exponent 
 signo radicalNM  radical sign 
 a la quinta potencia  to the fifth power 
 potenciaNF  power 
 incógnitaNF  unknown 
 sistemaNM de coordenadasNFP Cartesianas  Cartesian coordinate system 
 ejeNM de las x  x axis 
 ejeNM de las abscisas  x axis 
 ejeNM de las y  y axis 
 ejeNM de las ordenadas  y axis 
 senoNM  sine 
 cosenoNM  cosine 
 tangenteNF  tangent 
 divisiónNF  ratio 
 hipotenusaNF  hypotenuse 
 cateto adyacenteNM  adjacent leg, adjacent side 
 cateto opuestoNM  opposite leg, opposite side 
 ángulo rectoNM  90 degree angle, right angle 
 triángulo rectánguloNM  right triangle, right angle triangle 
 triángulo equiláteroNM  equilateral triangle 
 triángulo isóscelesNM  isosceles triangle 
 triángulo escalenoNM  scalene triangle 
 teoremaNM  theorem 
 polígonoNM  polygon 
 pendienteNF  slope, gradient 
 triánguloNM  triangle 
 ánguloNM  angle 
 gradoNM  degree 
 unidadesNFP  units, ones 
 décimasNFP  tens 
 centésimasNFP  hundreds 
 milésimasNFP  thousands 
 integral  integral 
 derivada  derivative 
 logaritmoNM  logarithm, log 
 logaritmoNM neperiano  napierian logarithm, natural logarithm, natural log 
 límiteNM  limit 
 límite tiende a infinito  limit tends to infinity 


Last edited by AngelicaDeAlquezar; March 04, 2011 at 06:29 PM. Reason: Added new words
If you notice any errors or missing vocabulary, or you have a suggestion for this vocabulary topic page, please comment below.
   
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  #31  
Old November 03, 2009, 06:25 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Perikles View Post
That's why I asked for help, I don't know the formal rule here. I just wanted to say that you can't say it's been a long time since + (a negative), such as it's been a long time since I don't study maths
"It's been a long time since" is already a negative construction, so it's probably just a special case of the general prohibition against double negatives. Shrug.

Hermit, good point.
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  #32  
Old November 03, 2009, 07:21 AM
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How about doing binary (base2) arithmetic in Spanish, using just the digits 0 and 1?

Also in logic we can use the symbols 0 and 1 to represent two mutually opposite states such as on and off, or true and false? In this system the symbols . and + are used to mean AND and OR
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  #33  
Old November 04, 2009, 09:26 PM
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integral de superficie = surface integral
integral de línea = line integral
integral múltiple = multiple integral
integración = integration

coordenadas polares = polar coordinates
coordenadas esféricas = spherical coordinates
coordenadas cilíndricas = cylindrical coordinates

diferenciable = differentiable
diferenciabilidad = differentiability
diferenciación = differentiation

continuidad = continuity
continuo = continuous

función derivable = differentiable function (in 1 dimension)
función diferenciable = differentiable function (in multiple dimensions)
función continua = continuous function
derivada parcial = partial derivative

conjunto = set
subconjunto = subset
intervalo = interval

dimensión = dimension
dominio = domain
rango = range

polinomio = polynomial
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Last edited by Cloudgazer; November 04, 2009 at 09:28 PM.
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  #34  
Old April 07, 2010, 01:48 PM
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Why didn't this thread show when I looked under Forums/Vocabulary/Vocabulary by topic? I had to do a search on forum titles.... ???

Anyway - it occurred to me this morning (while teaching about fractions to a group of Spanish speaking students) that I don't know how fractions are worded in Spanish.

one-half two-halves
one-third two-thirds
one-fourth two-fourths three-fourths
one-fifth two-fifths three-fifths
one-sixth
one-seventh
one-eighth
one-ninth
one-tenth

etc....

Thanks!
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  #35  
Old April 07, 2010, 05:41 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by laepelba View Post
Why didn't this thread show when I looked under Forums/Vocabulary/Vocabulary by topic? I had to do a search on forum titles.... ???

Anyway - it occurred to me this morning (while teaching about fractions to a group of Spanish speaking students) that I don't know how fractions are worded in Spanish.

one-half two-halves - medio/media -dos medios
one-third two-thirds - un tercio - dos tercios
one-fourth two-fourths three-fourths - un cuarto - dos cuartos-tres cuartos
one-fifth two-fifths three-fifths - un quinto- dos quintos - tres quintos
one-sixth - un sexto- dos sextos
one-seventh - un séptimo - dos séptimos
one-eighth - un octavo - dos octavos
one-ninth - un noveno- dos novenos
one-tenth - un décimo - dos décimos

etc.... - etc.

Thanks!
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  #36  
Old April 07, 2010, 08:14 PM
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Thanks, Hernan! Now, when you say "etc.", I'm not sure how to generically determine the "n-th" denominator. In English, we add "-th" if it's a unique number name (seventeenth, twentieth, etc.), and if it ends with "one" through "nine", the ending is the same as that number (twenty-third, fifty-ninth, etc.) How would I determine, say, how to say "eight elevenths" or "fifteen twenty-thirds", etc.?
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  #37  
Old April 08, 2010, 11:16 AM
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onceavos = elevenths
doceavos = twelfths
treceavos = thirteenths...
veinteavos = twentieths

dos quinceavos = two fifteenths
trece dieciochavos = thirteen eighteenths

I think that's how it goes, in answer to your question Lou Ann.
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  #38  
Old April 08, 2010, 11:20 AM
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VERY helpful! Thanks!!
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  #39  
Old April 08, 2010, 12:47 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by laepelba View Post
VERY helpful! Thanks!!
Yes, thank you Ambarina.

However, I wanted to go to the "undécimo" form, and I could not remember what is it that they are called...

Ok, Lou Ann, you are a Math teacher...

Numbers: Cardinals, ordinals is there any other?
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  #40  
Old April 08, 2010, 02:39 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by chileno View Post
Yes, thank you Ambarina.

However, I wanted to go to the "undécimo" form, and I could not remember what is it that they are called...

Ok, Lou Ann, you are a Math teacher...

Numbers: Cardinals, ordinals is there any other?
What's "undécimo" form?

I think that most people would just say that there are cardinal and ordinal numbers. I've read somewhere about "nominal" numbers (numbers that name something like a number on a sports jersey or something like that), but I don't know how conventional that is. In a mathematics class, we talk about real numbers, rational and irrational numbers, integers, whole numbers and natural or counting numbers. Those are probably not practical or "every-day" numbers that anyone but a math teacher would use.....
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