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Help needed with the present simple tense and conjugations


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Old June 22, 2014, 06:59 AM
tal69 tal69 is offline
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Help needed with the present simple tense and conjugations

Hi, guys. The book I am reading from gave me an example of a sentence from the present simple tense, here it is: ' leo una revista. ' it was translated as saying ' I am reading a magazine.' shouldn't this sentence be used within the present progressive? The book I'm learning from describes the present progressive as, ' is used to describe what is happening an the moment, an action in progress '

The sentence ' I am reading a magazine, leo una revista ' is describing what is happening in the moment and it is stating an action in progress.

and my second question, why does the verb 'estar' employ the conjugations from the present simple? example, ' ella esta hablando ' the verb esta states that it a he/she is the subject, but I thought that the conjugations changed depending on what tense you use?

I hope you understand, thanks so much in advance. This is my 4th day learning Spanish, and I'm just eager to clear this up
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Old June 22, 2014, 09:18 AM
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Rusty Rusty is offline
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One of the translations of the present simple tense 'leo' is "I am reading." There are actually four possible translations of the Spanish present simple tense into English.

The present simple tense 'leo' can be translated as:
I read
I do read
I am reading
I'll read (near future)

English-speaking learners of Spanish overuse the present progressive. It is generally used only to describe the very act of doing something.
The other tenses of estar can be used to indicate the continuous nature of the action.
Ella está hablando = She is (currently) speaking
Ella estaba hablando = She was speaking (on-going, in progress)
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