Ask a Question

(Create a thread)
Go Back   Spanish language learning forums > Spanish & English Languages > Grammar


Why is "lo" used in this sentence?

 

This is the place for questions about conjugations, verb tenses, adverbs, adjectives, word order, syntax and other grammar questions for English or Spanish.


Reply
 
Thread Tools Display Modes
  #1  
Old February 25, 2022, 10:10 PM
createdamadman createdamadman is offline
Ruby
 
Join Date: May 2021
Posts: 31
createdamadman is on a distinguished road
Why is "lo" used in this sentence?

I have the sentence:


"Él hombre está listo para trabajar, pero su mujer no lo está."


The "lo" doesn't seem to represent any object. All I can figure is that "no está" typically means "is not here" and that the "lo" is added to change the meaning to simply "is not", but I'm not entirely sure.
Reply With Quote
   
Get rid of these ads by registering for a free Tomísimo account.
  #2  
Old February 25, 2022, 11:00 PM
wrholt's Avatar
wrholt wrholt is offline
Sapphire
 
Join Date: Apr 2011
Location: Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Posts: 1,367
Native Language: US English
wrholt is on a distinguished road
The first word in your sentence should not have an accent mark (a.k.a. a tilde): él means "he", while el means "the".

Your sentence, "el hombre está listo para trabajar, pero su mujer no lo está" is equivalent to saying "el hombre está listo para trabajar, pero su mujer no está lista para trabajar".

Valid translations of your sentence into English are "the man is ready to work, but his wife isn't" and "the man is ready to work, but his wife isn't ready (to work)".

Spanish allows either repeating the object/complement phrase "listo/lista para trabajar" OR replacing the phrase with the neuter object pronoun "lo". Spanish prohibits omitting the object/complement except for the meaning "to be here/at a place/to be present".

In contrast, English allows either repeating (some) of the object/complement phrase, or omitting it entirely, but prohibits replacing the phrase with a pronoun.

A few other common Spanish verbs also require an explicit object in contexts where English typically omits them, including both "ser" and "saber". For example:

Are they from the US? Yes, they are.
¿Son ellos de Estados Unidos? Si, lo son.

Do/did you know that Mary and John got married last month? Yes, I know (OR Yes, I do).
¿Sabes/sabías que María y Juan se casaron el mes pasado? Si, lo sé/sabía.

Last edited by wrholt; February 25, 2022 at 11:07 PM.
Reply With Quote
Reply

 

Link to this thread
URL: 
HTML Link: 
BB Code: 
Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts
BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Site Rules

Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Why is "de" used before "estar" in this sentence? createdamadman Grammar 1 January 21, 2022 10:56 PM
Why is the sentence "A la niña le gustan los caballos" structured as it is? createdamadman Grammar 2 May 14, 2021 07:34 PM
Is "saber" or "conocer" the correct verb in this sentence? Yoodle15 Grammar 3 January 27, 2012 11:57 AM
Should I use "conocer" or "saber" in this sentence? Yoodle15 Grammar 1 January 25, 2012 06:20 AM
Homework help regarding the words "tener", "venir", "preferir", and "querer" cwlcwlspanish Practice & Homework 8 October 08, 2011 06:20 PM


All times are GMT -6. The time now is 04:51 PM.

Forum powered by vBulletin® Copyright ©2000 - 2022, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.

X