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Las Matemáticas — Mathematics

RestaNF - Subtraction


 Spanish  English 
 restaNF, sustracciónNF  subtraction 
 restar  to subtract, to minus 
 restar 5 de 10  subtract 5 from 10 
 minuendoNM  minuend 
 sustraendoNM  subtrahend 
 diferenciaNF  difference 
 Cuatro menos tres es igual a uno.  Four minus three equals one. 

SumaNF - Addition


 Spanish  English 
 sumar  to add, to sum 
 Dos más tres es igual a cinco.  Two plus three equals five. 

DivisiónNF - Division


 Spanish  English 
 dividir  to divide 
 Diez entre dos es igual a cinco.  Two into ten equals five. 
 Diez dividido por dos es igual a cinco.  Ten divided by two equals five. 

MultiplicaciónNF - Multiplication


 Spanish  English 
 multiplicar  to multiply 
 5 por 5 son 25  5 times 5 makes 25 
 Tres por dos es igual a seis.  Three times two equals six. 
 Tres multiplicado por dos es igual a seis.  Three multiplied by two equals six. 

CamposNMP - Fields


 Spanish  English 
 álgebraNM  algebra 
 cálculoNM  calculus 
 aritméticaNF  arithmetic 
 geometríaNF  geometry 
 análisisNM  analysis 
 topologíaNF  topology 
 probabilidadNF  probability 
 estadísticaNF  statistics 
 matemática discretaNF  discrete mathematics 
 teoría de númerosNF  number theory 
 aritméticaNF  arithmetic 
 combinatoriaNF  combinatorics 
 ecuaciones diferencialesNFP  differential equations 
 lógicaNF  logic 

TiposNMP de númeroNM - Types of number


 Spanish  English 
 número realNM  real number 
 enteroNM  integer 
 ceroNM  zero 
 negativo  negative 
 positivo  positive 
 racional  rational 
 irracional  irrational 
 fracción  fraction 

General


 Spanish  English 
 igualdadNF  equality 
 descomposiciónNF en factoresNMP  factoring 
 factorNM  factor 
 ecuaciónNF  equation 
 variableNF  variable 
 coordenadaNF  coordinate 
 verificaciónNF  proof 
 raíz cúbicaNF  cubed root 
 raíz cuadradaNF  square root 
 piNM  pi 
 exponenteNM  exponent 
 signo radicalNM  radical sign 
 a la quinta potencia  to the fifth power 
 potenciaNF  power 
 incógnitaNF  unknown 
 sistemaNM de coordenadasNFP Cartesianas  Cartesian coordinate system 
 ejeNM de las x  x axis 
 ejeNM de las abscisas  x axis 
 ejeNM de las y  y axis 
 ejeNM de las ordenadas  y axis 
 senoNM  sine 
 cosenoNM  cosine 
 tangenteNF  tangent 
 divisiónNF  ratio 
 hipotenusaNF  hypotenuse 
 cateto adyacenteNM  adjacent leg, adjacent side 
 cateto opuestoNM  opposite leg, opposite side 
 ángulo rectoNM  90 degree angle, right angle 
 triángulo rectánguloNM  right triangle, right angle triangle 
 triángulo equiláteroNM  equilateral triangle 
 triángulo isóscelesNM  isosceles triangle 
 triángulo escalenoNM  scalene triangle 
 teoremaNM  theorem 
 polígonoNM  polygon 
 pendienteNF  slope, gradient 
 triánguloNM  triangle 
 ánguloNM  angle 
 gradoNM  degree 
 unidadesNFP  units, ones 
 décimasNFP  tens 
 centésimasNFP  hundreds 
 milésimasNFP  thousands 
 integral  integral 
 derivada  derivative 
 logaritmoNM  logarithm, log 
 logaritmoNM neperiano  napierian logarithm, natural logarithm, natural log 
 límiteNM  limit 
 límite tiende a infinito  limit tends to infinity 


Last edited by AngelicaDeAlquezar; March 04, 2011 at 06:29 PM. Reason: Added new words
If you notice any errors or missing vocabulary, or you have a suggestion for this vocabulary topic page, please comment below.
   
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  #11  
Old August 25, 2009, 04:50 PM
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Division:
El resto**: remainder
El resto de 10 entre 3 es 1: the remainder of 10 divided by 3 is 1; 10 divided by 3 leaves 1

** ¡Muy distinto de "la resta"!

Campos:
La geometría: geometry
La combinatoria: combinatorics
La probabilidad: probability
La estadística: statistics

Classification of mathematical statements (group with el teorema):
El axioma: axiom
La conjetura: conjecture
La hipótesis: hypothesis

Important general terms:
El conjunto: set
El grupo: group
El cuerpo: field
El binomio: binomial
El polinomio: polynomial
La relación binaria: binary relation
La función: function
inyectiva: injective
sobreyectiva: surjective

Types of number:
imaginario: imaginary
complejo: complex
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  #12  
Old September 02, 2009, 05:41 AM
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As I start my school year (it's almost Fall in the northern hemisphere), I'll start making a list as I encounter them of Algebra terms that I think would be important (and for which I'd like to know the Spanish equivalents). I will have an entire class this year of ESOL students ("English as a Second Language"), the grand majority of whom are Spanish speakers with very little (if any) background in English. This class will be team taught with an ESOL expert (who is a VERY dynamic teacher!). Neither of us is very fluent in Spanish....

Here's a list from our first week of discussions about content:
Inverse
Opposite (i.e. Additive Inverse)
Reciprocal (i.e. Multiplicative Inverse)
Commutative Property
Associative Property
Distributive Property
Identity (in other words, Additive Identity or Multiplicative Identity)
Operations (which includes addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, etc.)
Grouping Symbols
Parentheses
Expression
Terms (in an expression)
Like Terms
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  #13  
Old November 02, 2009, 11:36 AM
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My ESOL/Algebra class this year is going well. 25 out of the 28 students are native Spanish speakers and usually enjoy the fact that I am trying to learn to speak Spanish. Although on Friday I heard something like "No me gusta que la profesora puede entender el español" or something similar.

Anyway - I have been trying to do one-on-one explanations with the Spanish speakers using as much Spanish as I can (when I know I am correct). We use the word "equis" a lot. But I have found that I don't know how to say "x squared" in Spanish. I know that "square" is "cuadro". Is "x squared" said as "x cuadrado"? So if I were reading an expression, I would say something like this: (x^2 + 3x) would be "equis cuadrado más tres equis". ??? "Cuadrado"???
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  #14  
Old November 02, 2009, 12:15 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by irmamar View Post
I'd like to know, in English:

- Menos (and igual a) (from?):
4 - 3 =
Cuatro menos tres es igual a

- Más (and?):
2 + 3 =
Dos más tres igual a

- Dividido por (o entre) (divided?):
5 : 2 =
Cinco entre dos (o dividido por dos) es igual a

- Multiplicado por:
3 · 2 =
Tres por dos igual a
Four minus three equals...
Two plus three equals ...
Five divided by two equals...
Three times two equals...
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  #15  
Old November 02, 2009, 12:23 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by laepelba View Post
My ESOL/Algebra class this year is going well. 25 out of the 28 students are native Spanish speakers and usually enjoy the fact that I am trying to learn to speak Spanish. Although on Friday I heard something like "No me gusta que la profesora puede entender el español" or something similar.

Anyway - I have been trying to do one-on-one explanations with the Spanish speakers using as much Spanish as I can (when I know I am correct). We use the word "equis" a lot. But I have found that I don't know how to say "x squared" in Spanish. I know that "square" is "cuadro". Is "x squared" said as "x cuadrado"? So if I were reading an expression, I would say something like this: (x^2 + 3x) would be "equis cuadrado más tres equis". ??? "Cuadrado"???
"Al cuadrado" (x³ al cubo, y después a la cuarta, a la quinta, etc. [potencia])

Equis al cuadrado más tres equis.
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  #16  
Old November 02, 2009, 12:24 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Perikles View Post
Four minus three equals...
Two plus three equals ...
Five divided by two equals...
Three times two equals...
Thanks, Perikles
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  #17  
Old November 02, 2009, 12:40 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by irmamar View Post
"Al cuadrado" (x³ al cubo, y después a la cuarta, a la quinta, etc. [potencia])

Equis al cuadrado más tres equis.
Thank you very much! So could you say either "equis al cuadrado" OR "equis a la segunda"?
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  #18  
Old November 02, 2009, 01:30 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by laepelba View Post
Thank you very much! So could you say either "equis al cuadrado" OR "equis a la segunda"?
I've always said "al cuadrado o al cubo", never "a la segunda o a la tercera". But I'm not sure if in other countries it's possible (or even in mine). Sorry

Es como las raíces: raíz cuadrada, raíz cúbica y después raíz cuarta, etc. Yo no diría raíz segunda ni tercera
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  #19  
Old November 02, 2009, 04:05 PM
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In English, we can say "x squared" OR "x to the second power" and "x cubed" OR "x to the third power". Both are equally acceptable, and I teach both.

With the roots, I would only ever say "square root", but could easily exchange "third root" for "cube root".

English is a strange language..........
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  #20  
Old November 02, 2009, 08:35 PM
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En México se dice "equis cuadrada".

x cubed is an "equis al cubo"... sometimes (not too often) "equis cúbica"

Raise to a power is "elevar a la [cuarta, quinta, etc.] potencia"

As for the roots, it's the same as Irma has said.


By the way, Lou Ann, all the letters (and variables) in Spanish are always referred to in feminine.
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