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Opposites — Antónimos

This is a basic, non-exhaustive list of opposites in English and Spanish.

 Spanish  English 
 derecha – izquierda  right – left 
 arriba – abajo  up – down 
 dentro – fuera  inside – outside 
 caliente – frío  hot – cold 
 grande – pequeño  big – small 
 blanco – negro  white – black 
 limpio – sucio  clean – dirty 
 feliz – triste  happy – sad 
 alto – bajo  tall – short 
 claro – oscuro  light – dark 
 fuerte – débil  strong – weak 
 rápido – lento  fast – slow 
 bonito – feo  pretty – ugly 
 guapo – feo  handsome – ugly 
 simpático – antipático  kind – unkind 
 simple – complicado  simple – complicated 
 fácil – difícil  easy – hard 
 hábil – torpe  skillful/skilful – clumsy 
 amable – grosero  polite – rude 
 nuevo – usado  new – used 
 joven – viejo  young – old 
 recto – curvo  straight – curved 
 interesante – aburrido  interesting – boring 
 abierto – cerrado  open – close 
 femenino – masculino  feminine – masculine 
 seco – mojado  dry – wet 
 suave – áspero  soft – rough 
 sano – enfermo  healthy – sick 
 cuerdo – loco  sane – crazy 
 cerca – lejos  near – far 
 ganador – perdedor  winner – loser 
 luz – oscuridad  light – darkness 
 bien – mal  good – bad 
 norte – sur  North – South 
 este/oriente – oeste/poniente  East – West 
 risa – llanto  laughter – crying 
 entrada – salida  entrance – exit 
 salud – enfermedad  health – sickness 
 amigo – enemigo  friend – enemy 
 amor – odio  love – hate 
 noche – día  night – day 
 optimismo – pesimismo  optimism – pessimism 
 perder – encontrar  to lose – to find 
 abrir – cerrar  to open – to close 
 amar – odiar  to love – to hate 
 vivir – morir  to live – to die 
 encender – apagar  to light – to put out 
 dulce - amargo  sweet – bitter 
 dulce - agrio  sweet – sour 
 aquí/acá - ahí/allí/allá  here – there 
 cielo/paraíso - infierno  heaven – hell 


Last edited by Rusty; October 16, 2010 at 06:59 PM.
If you notice any errors or missing vocabulary, or you have a suggestion for this vocabulary topic page, please comment below.
   
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  #21  
Old April 13, 2010, 07:55 PM
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laepelba laepelba is offline
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Thanks, Malila!! You ROCK!!
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  #22  
Old August 30, 2010, 01:07 PM
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Esta tema es muy enteresante!

aqui - hay, alli

dulce - amargo

paraiso - infierno

blanca - negra

This is all I can think for now.
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  #23  
Old August 31, 2010, 07:18 PM
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Rusty Rusty is offline
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Thanks for these.

The opposite of aquí could be ahí, allí, or allá. (hay = there is/there are)

blanca - negra (this has already been entered (we use the masculine form when listing adjectives that have both a masculine and a feminine form))
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  #24  
Old September 01, 2010, 08:51 PM
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hombre - mujer
dador - tomador
tranquilo - ruidoso
ahorrador - gastador
humilde - orgulloso
humilidad - orgullo
adelante - hacia atras
valiente - cobarde
introvertido - extrovertido
si - no
verdad - mentira
sonrisa - foncir el ceño


Corregir me por favor.
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  #25  
Old September 01, 2010, 10:08 PM
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JPablo JPablo is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by vita32 View Post
hombre - mujer = man - woman
dador - tomador = ? dadivoso - rácano = generous - stingy
silencioso- ruidoso = quiet - noisy
tranquilo - nervioso = calm - agitated (jumpy)
ahorrador - gastador = thrifty - spendthrift (also "despilfarrador" = wasteful)
humilde - orgulloso/engreído/ufano = humble/meek - proud/conceited/bigheaded
humilidad - orgullo = humility - pride
adelante - [hacia] atrás = ahead - behind
valiente - cobarde = brave, courageous - coward
introvertido - extrovertido = introverted - extroverted (Note: the Spanish "more correct" is considered "intravertido" "extravertido, although I use the one you noted.)
sí - no = yes - no
verdad - mentira = truth - lie
sonreír - fruncir el ceño = [to] smile - to frown


Corregidme, por favor.
There you have it.
On the "corregidme" that is typical Spanish. For Latinamérica is better "Corríjanme, por favor"
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  #26  
Old September 02, 2010, 03:20 AM
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JPablo,
Gracias por tus correciones y clarificaciones. Una mas pregunta (one more question):
?hay un equivalente en español por estos antonimos: forward - backward? (is there an equivalent in Spanish for these antonyms: forward - backward)?
Gracias.
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  #27  
Old September 02, 2010, 03:22 AM
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Hacia delante - hacia atrás.

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  #28  
Old September 02, 2010, 10:43 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by irmamar View Post
Hacia delante - hacia atrás.

irmamar, gracias.
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  #29  
Old September 02, 2010, 12:35 PM
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AngelicaDeAlquezar AngelicaDeAlquezar is offline
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@Pablo: According to the DRAE, what you said is true about "extravertido" preferred over "extrovertido", but not about "introvertido".
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  #30  
Old September 02, 2010, 04:13 PM
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JPablo JPablo is offline
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@Angélica, thank you. (Sorry for the .)
Yes, "introvertido"
NOT "*intravertido"
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