Ask a Question

(Create a thread)
Go Back   Spanish language learning forums > Spanish & English Languages > Grammar


¡hola! I need help with este, éste, etc.

 

This is the place for questions about conjugations, verb tenses, adverbs, adjectives, word order, syntax and other grammar questions for English or Spanish.


Reply
 
Thread Tools Display Modes
  #1  
Old October 18, 2007, 12:27 PM
bleitzow bleitzow is offline
Ruby
 
Join Date: Oct 2007
Location: San Diego, CA, USA
Posts: 89
Native Language: English
bleitzow is on a distinguished road
Question ¡hola! I need help with este, éste, etc.

Can someone explain to me the difference in the words below and when to correctly use them? I am not familiar with the "imperative, subjective" parts of the English language so if you try to explain it using those, I won't understand. Real life examples are easier for me to relate to.

Esta
Este
Ésta
Éste
Esto

Sample sentences:

Éste es mi bebe
Este animal es rápido
Ésta es mi cama
Ésta es mi amiga

Este animal no puede nadar
Este hombre no puede andar

I thought at first the éste and este were related to person and animal. Then I came across the next two sentences. I´m so confused!

Can anyone help?

¡muchas gracias!
Brenda
Reply With Quote
   
Get rid of these ads by registering for a free Tomísimo account.
  #2  
Old October 18, 2007, 12:43 PM
Tomisimo's Avatar
Tomisimo Tomisimo is offline
Davidísimo
 
Join Date: May 2006
Location: North America
Posts: 5,662
Native Language: American English
Tomisimo will become famous soon enoughTomisimo will become famous soon enough
Hi Brenda and welcome!

Este and Esta
These are modifiers, you can think of them as adjectives that simply means this. The reason there are two of them, is because Spanish has feminine and masculine nouns. Este goes with masculine nouns and esta goes with feminine nouns.

esta cosa pegajosa - this sticky stuff
esta mujer es guapa - this woman is beautiful
esta mariposa es amarilla - this butterfly is yellow
este hombre habla mucho - this man talks a lot
este coche me gusta - I like this car
este libro es bueno - this book is good.

este and esta are used right before nouns.

Éste and Ésta
These words both mean "this one" in English. They are used to take the place of a noun, just like the phrase this one in English. There are two separate words again... one is for masculine nouns and one for feminine.

Examples:

Éste es rojo - this one is red (whatever it is, it's masculine)
Ésta se te ve mejor - (whatever it is it's feminine)
Éste es mi esposo - This guy is my husband
Éste es mi hijo - This one is my son
Ésta es mi hija - This one is my daughter

Note that éste and ésta are being used right before the verb. They are the subjects of those sentences, just like this one or this guy in English.

Esto
Esto is an indefinite way to refer to something that you don´t know if it's feminine or masculine. It also means this in English.

For example, talking about some situation:

Esto me tiene harto - I am fed up with this.

I hope that helps you

Moving thread to Grammar.
__________________
If you find something wrong with my Spanish, please correct it!
Reply With Quote
  #3  
Old October 19, 2007, 06:53 PM
bleitzow bleitzow is offline
Ruby
 
Join Date: Oct 2007
Location: San Diego, CA, USA
Posts: 89
Native Language: English
bleitzow is on a distinguished road
Talking Muchas Gracias

David,

¡Muy muchas gracias! Yo preguntaré mis amigos y nadie no sabran.

Voy a preguntar más preguntas. ¡Otra vez, muchas gracias!

Brenda
Reply With Quote
  #4  
Old October 24, 2007, 03:04 PM
poli's Avatar
poli poli is online now
rule 1: gravity
 
Join Date: Oct 2007
Location: In and around New York
Posts: 7,740
Native Language: English
poli will become famous soon enoughpoli will become famous soon enough
este esta ese esa

Éste ésta ésto mean this. Éstes estas estos mean these.
Ese, esa eso means that. Eses, esas, esos mean those.
Aquel, aquella means that also but further away.
Reply With Quote
  #5  
Old October 24, 2007, 05:01 PM
sina sina is offline
Opal
 
Join Date: Oct 2007
Posts: 19
sina is on a distinguished road
Gracias!
Reply With Quote
  #6  
Old November 19, 2008, 08:58 PM
Jessica's Avatar
Jessica Jessica is offline
...
 
Join Date: Jun 2008
Location: PA
Posts: 8,187
Native Language: English, Chinese
Jessica is on a distinguished road
this is very useful
Reply With Quote
Reply

 

Link to this thread
URL: 
HTML Link: 
BB Code: 
Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts
BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Site Rules

Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Mira este hongo Tomisimo General Chat 1 July 12, 2007 01:00 PM
¿Alguien puede comprobar este para mi? pogo Practice & Homework 4 February 21, 2007 02:31 PM
Esto, este, esta Zach Vocabulary 5 June 07, 2006 02:57 AM


All times are GMT -6. The time now is 06:35 PM.

Forum powered by vBulletin® Copyright ©2000 - 2022, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.

X