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Desastres naturales – Natural disasters

Since we're having a few violent expressions of nature in almost every corner of the world, I thought it might be useful to have a list of words used for the things we call natural disasters.

Huracanes - Hurricanes

 Spanish  English 
 huracánNM  hurricane 
 ciclónNM  cyclone 
 tifónNM  typhoon 
 vientoNM  wind 
 rachaNF  gust 
 velocidadNF  speed 
 categoríaNF  category 
 olaNF  wave 
 oleajeNM  storm surge 
 inundaciónNF  flood 
 aludNM  mudslide 
 damnificadoNM / damnificada NF  victim who lost his/her home 
 siniestroNM  (insurance term) incident 
 siniestrado(a)ADJ  damaged (property) 
 árbolNM derribado  uprooted tree 
 rescatista[NM and NF]  rescue worker 
 primeros auxilios[NM-PL]  first aid 
 perroNM rescatista / perroNM de búsqueda  rescue dog / search dog 
 albergueNM  shelter 

Sismos - Earthquakes

 Spanish  English 
 sismoNM / seísmo NM  seism (earthquake) 
 temblorNM  mild earthquake 
 movimientoNM telúrico  earth tremor 
 terremotoNM  strong earthquake 
 zonaNF sísmica  seismic zone 
 placaNF tectónica  tectonic plate 
 sismógrafoNM  seismograph 
 sismólogoNM / sismólogaNF  seismologist 
 escalaNF de Richter  Richter scale 
 tsunamiNM  tsunami 
 réplicaNF  aftershock 
 magnitudNF  magnitude 
 intensidadNF  intensity 
 epicentroNM  epicenter 
 grietaNF / cuarteadura NF  crack 
 fallaNF  fault 
 derrumbeNM  collapse 
 escombroNM  rubble / debris 
 dañoNM causado por  damage caused by 

Erupciones - Eruptions

 Spanish  English 
 erupciónNF  eruption 
 tremorNM armónico  harmonic tremor 
 lavaNF  lava 
 magmaNM  magma 
 cenizaNF  ash 
 exhalaciónNF  exhalation 
 cráterNM  crater 
 calderaNF  caldera 
 fumarolaNF  column of ash, gases and steam / fumarole 
 vaporNM  steam 
 materialNM incandescente  incandescent lava fragments / glowing ash 
 flujoNM piroclástico  pyroclastic flow 
 incendioNM  wildfire 
 deslaveNM  landslide 
 avalanchaNF  avalanche 

Tormentas - Storms

 Spanish  English 
 tormentaNF / borrascaNF  storm 
 lluviaNF  rain 
 granizoNM  hail 
 nieveNF  snow 
 ventiscaNF  blizzard 
 tornadoNM  tornado / twister 
 charcoNM  puddle 
 socavónNM  sinkhole 
 tormentaNF eléctrica  thunderstorm 

Otros - Others

 Spanish  English 
 heladaNF  night frost 
 crecidaNF de un ríoNM  flooding of a river 
 sequíaNF  drought 
 ondaNM cálida  heat wave 
 incendioNM forestal  bushfire 
 hambrunaNF  famine 
 plagaNF  plague 
 epidemiaNF  epidemic 

Last edited by AngelicaDeAlquezar; September 26, 2017 at 08:30 AM.
If you notice any errors or missing vocabulary, or you have a suggestion for this vocabulary topic page, please comment below.

natural disasters, vocabulary


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