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ser y estar con participios

 

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  #1  
Old February 04, 2008, 08:12 PM
gramatica gramatica is offline
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ser y estar con participios

Hola a todos:

¿Me pueden decir cuándo hay que usar "ser" y "estar" en estos casos, por favor?

Estoy cansado(a)
Es debido a...=se debe a
Está basado en....=se base en....
Está formado por.....=se forma por.....
Está usado
está siendo usado=se usa=se está usando
Dijo que no había estado cocinado
Está diseñado para.....=se les diseña a.......
Está abierto=se abre
Estaba abierto
Fue abierto=se abrió
Fue construido por.........=se construyó por.........
Estoy contratado(a)
Necesita saber cuando fue contratado(a)

¿Existe una regla?

Muchas gracias
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  #2  
Old February 05, 2008, 08:51 PM
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poli poli is offline
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Sí hay reglas. Estar significa «to be in the state of». En otras palabras estar refiere a una condición o un estado. Ser refiere a una cosa mas integral, mas permanente.
All the sentences you presented are completely correct but in many cases, the sentences can be used with the other verb but with different meaning. For example: «La ropa está usada» means the clothes are used as in second hand. But,«Está ropa es usada por negócio» These clothes are used for business. Ser refers to something inherent, while estar refers to something temporal. I hope this helps.
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  #3  
Old February 06, 2008, 10:26 AM
gramatica gramatica is offline
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Thank you very much

¿En este caso se usaría ser o estar o el impersonal para una regla?

Se usa el adjetivo para decribir un sustantivo

o

El adjetivo es usado para decribir un sustantivo

o

El adjetivo está usado para describir un sustantivo

Regards

Last edited by gramatica; February 06, 2008 at 10:29 AM.
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  #4  
Old February 07, 2008, 05:45 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by gramatica View Post
Thank you very much

¿En este caso se usaría ser o estar o el impersonal para una regla?

Se usa el adjetivo para decribir un sustantivo

o

El adjetivo es usado para decribir un sustantivo

o

El adjetivo está usado para describir un sustantivo

Regards
The first sentence is the safest one but it is ambiguous. The second sentence sounds awkward but it is correct if it is inherent for the adjective(meaning adjectives in general) to decribe the substantive. The third sentece sounds good, but it describes a particular adjective in a particular circumstance.
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  #5  
Old February 07, 2008, 06:43 PM
gramatica gramatica is offline
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Thank you very much

Regards
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  #6  
Old February 11, 2008, 02:47 PM
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good explanation poli
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